The Lost Jenks Museum of Natural History Makes a Brief Return to Brown University

In 1945, Brown University threw away a natural history museum. Ninety-two truckloads of artifacts and specimens were transported to a University dump on the banks of the Seekonk River and discarded; dealing a coup de grace to the Jenks Museum of Natural History.

Portrait of John Whipple Potter Jenks.  Image: Brown University.
Portrait of John Whipple Potter Jenks. Image: Brown University.

Founded in 1871, the museum was the near single-handed labor of John Whipple Potter Jenks, a Brown alumnus. After graduating from Brown, Jenks took over the floundering Pierce Academy in Middleborough, Massachusetts which had been founded by his wife’s grandfather.

During his tenure, he built a display cabinet and filled it with plant and animal specimens in an effort to bolster the school’s natural science curriculum. Eventually, Jenks cultivated an extensive collection. Those efforts, coupled with his naturalist disposition, spurred him to approach his alma mater in 1871 and address what he perceived to be Browns’ disturbing lack of interest in the natural sciences.

While it is one of the oldest institutions in the country, there is not one hardly half as old that has not better facilities for illustrating any branch of Natural Science and I am positively ashamed of my Alma Mater.

John Whipple Potter Jenks in a letter to Brown University (1871)

The University agreed to Jenks’ proposal but was unable to move forward due to a lack of funding. Jenks would not be deterred and furnished the majority of the museum at his own expense. The University subsequently raised just enough money for a meager salary, allocated space for the museum in Rhode Island Hall, and Jenks set to work.

The original Jenks Museum (date unknown)
The original Jenks Museum (date unknown) Photo: Brown University

The museum was essentially a one-man endeavor. Jenks simultaneously served as curator, taxidermist, custodian, guide, and fabricator. Reports from his colleagues suggest that it wasn’t uncommon for Jenks to be working in his museum from 7 AM to 11 PM and his dogged efforts paid off. Jenks would eventually pack the space with wall-to-wall cases brimming natural specimens. Totaling 50,000 items, it was a genuinely remarkable collection and undoubtedly a meaningful centerpiece for Brown’s students of the natural sciences.

Unfortunately, Jenks was the mastic that kept the program together and on September 26, 1894, the museum lost its advocate and caretaker. After enjoying lunch with some friends, Jenks returned to his museum and suddenly collapsed on the front steps. Witnesses say he died instantly and it is presumed that he suffered a catastrophic heart attack.

Without Jenks, the museum fell into disarray during years of mismanagement and disaster. By 1915, the University closed the museum’s doors for good. It stored the specimens in a nearby building until 1945 when it was decided to distribute a small number of the specimens and artifacts to other museum collections and to discard the rest in a University landfill.

By all measures and expectations, that was the end of the Jenks Museum, yet in an unanticipated twist of fate, the museum is being partially resurrected by a group of students, professors, and artists calling themselves The Jenks Society for Lost Museums.

Recreation of Jenks' office for the Lost Museum exhibition. Photo: Brown University
Recreation of Jenks’ office for the Lost Museum exhibition. Photo: Brown University

The Society spent the past year tracking down the fragmentary remnants of the collection’s surviving specimens and artifacts in order to create a three-part installation entitled, ‘The Lost Museum‘.  

According to the Society, the installation “re-imagines the office of the museum’s founder, showcases the remaining fragments of the collection, and conjures the ghosts of artifacts once found in the museum back into existence.” Of course, much of the collection was destroyed by the University years ago so the Society worked with over 80 artists to create replicas of missing specimens or artifacts in ghostly white tones.

Replicas of lost specimens and artifacts at the Jenks Museum represented in ghostly white.
Replicas of lost specimens and artifacts represented in ghostly white.

Housed in Rhode Island Hall, the home of the original Jenks Museum, this exhibition serves as a remnant of a tragic loss for Brown University and, in the words of project advisor Steve Lubar, is a demonstration of “what happens when museums and natural history objects disappear.

The Lost Museum will be on display in Rhode Island Hall on the Brown University campus, 60 George Street, the Jenks Museum’s original home, through May 2015.  Hours are currently 9 AM – 4 PM.  You can also follow the Jenks Society on Twitter @JenksMuseum.

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